A Model for Assessing Social Care Services for Children - With Lessons from Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) declares that, 'the child, for the full and harmonious development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment'. Many parties to the Convention are reforming their child welfare system so that children in difficulty have a better chance of staying in a family. For former Soviet republics this represents a big shift in approach because in the Soviet period the state often looked after children, if they were in difficulty, in large centrally owned residential facilities. This note develops a model for assessing the status of child care reform and applies it to two countries, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan (both parties to the CRC). The first part of the model classifies child care services. The second is the classic policy cycle. By combining them we can analyse the different stages of evolution of the services, and identify blockages in delivering alternatives to residential care.