Social Exclusion in Pakistan
This briefing note describes some innovative work undertaken by OPM to quantify the impact of social exclusion on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) indicators in Pakistan. The study uses recent national datasets to show that MDG indicators for the socially excluded are far below the average in the population as a whole and that the impact on national levels of key MDG indicators is large. For example, many key MDG indicators would improve by more than 10 per cent if the levels of deprivation of the socially excluded were the same as the socially included. Furthermore, those groups that are affected by multiple processes of exclusion are even worse off than those excluded along a single dimension, e.g. religion alone. In particular, gender disparities increase among the socially excluded.