Men and women often have different priorities and concerns about the way in which (infrastructure) services are provided. Influenced among other factors by intra-household allocation of responsibilities or cultural values women and men can differ in terms of their respective public transport needs, security concerns related to street lighting or waste collection preferences. Moreover, improvements in infrastructure services (e.g. water and electricity) can help free up (mainly women’s) time spent on domestic and care work which in turn can have a positive impact on women’s labour force participation. Against this background OPM has been contracted by the EBRD to support the City of Bishkek to comprehensively mainstream gender in the municipal and environmental infrastructure sector. With the overall objective to make municipal services provision more demand driven the project has: Developed tools and recommendations so as to ensure that gender issues and perspectives are incorporated into the planning, provision and resourcing of municipal services so that benefits are more equally distributed between men and women; Developed a strategy and tools for career development aimed at women working in lower and mid-level positions at the municipality or its related organisations, and for promoting recruitment of groups currently under-represented.