Policy expertise

Strengthening public financial management systems to support social assistance in Myanmar

Policy Area
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Jun 2016 - ongoing
OPM contact

We are working on strengthening public financial management systems and processes within the Ministry of Social Welfare Relief and Resettlement in Myanmar.  Supporting the Ministry to improve its budgeting capability and to more effectively and efficiently invest its resources will deliver more equitable social assistance services for the most vulnerable people of Myanmar.

There exists a weak linkage between the Ministry’s key planning documents and the annual budget. This is due to a variety of reasons, such as the lack of a robust strategic prioritisation process, the use of incremental budgeting and the existence of separate recurrent and capital budgeting processes, which results in a budget submission that is difficult to interpret and justify. 

This has historically meant that the Ministry has found it difficult to make a solid case for higher budget allocations that would enable it to better deliver on its mandate.


This project aims to begin the process of addressing numerous problems by: 

  • facilitating a strategic prioritisation process to help the Ministry determine which activities from its strategic plans should be costed and included in the 2017/18 budget submission; 
  • delivering training on the costing of social assistance programmes and systems of budget preparation; 
  • supporting the Ministry in mapping its costed programmes into the budget submission and the development of a narrative summary that provides evidence and justification for the proposed expenditures; and,
  • supporting in the budget consultation process, focused on improving stakeholder relationships between Ministry staff and the relevant officials in Ministry of Finance and Planning.

Our work will help strengthen public financial management systems and processes within the Ministry of Social Welfare Relief and Resettlement in Myanmar, enabling it to more efficiently deliver social assistance services to the most vulnerable people in the country. 

Our finding will furthermore help inform more effective public financial management resource allocation within other ministries in Myanmar, as well as other countries in the area.

Senior Consultant: PSFM
Country Manager