Human security risks of climate change
Climate change is amplifying the risk of conflicts and other human security issues, according to a new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), unanimously approved by more than 100 countries in Yokohama, Japan, on 31 March 2014.
The report, entitled Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, from Working Group II of the IPCC, details the impacts of climate change to date, the future risks from a changing climate, and the opportunities for effective action to reduce risks. More than 300 authors from 70 countries, were selected to produce the report, including consultants from OPM, who contributed to the chapter on Human Security.
Key conclusions from the report on the impact of climate change on human security include:
- Human security will be progressively threatened as the climate changes;
- Climate change will compromise the cultural values that are important for community and individual well-being;
- Indigenous, local and traditional forms of knowledge are a major resource for adapting to climate change;
- Climate change will have significant impacts on forms of migration that compromise human security;
- Mobility is a widely used strategy to maintain livelihoods in response to social and environmental changes;
- Some of the factors that increase the risk of violent conflict within states are sensitive to climate change;
- People living in places affected by violent conflict are particularly vulnerable to climate change;
- Climate change will lead to new challenges to states and will increasingly shape both conditions of security and national security policies.