Sharpening targeting of cash transfers
An evaluation of four different targeting mechanisms for social cash transfers piloted in Zambia has led to a more effective, harmonised approach that is now being rolled out nationally.
An assessment of the targeting mechanisms used on the pilots of the UNICEF social cash transfer programme was recently carried out. Using a combination of primary and secondary quantitative and qualitative data, a number of design and implementation issues that undermined the effectiveness and acceptability of each of the targeting method were identified. Problems ranged from a relatively weak correlation between the targeting criteria and extreme poverty, to the use of quotas and lack of involvement of communities in the selection of beneficiaries. Building on these insights, a harmonised targeting mechanism that drew on the strengths of the pilots while correcting their weaknesses was recommended. This approach is now being used by the Government of Zambia for the national roll-out of the programme, with operational support provided by OPM.