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Road to COP26: supporting Nepal’s leadership in climate action

Our work is helping the Government of Nepal to strengthen its policy framework, build robust evidence on vulnerabilities to improve decision-making, and develop a climate finance roadmap.

In the run-up to COP26, the Policy and Institutions Facility (PIF) is supporting the Government of Nepal to implement a roadmap to strategic engagement in COP26. Our work is helping the Government of Nepal to strengthen its policy framework, build robust evidence on vulnerabilities to improve decision-making, and develop a climate finance roadmap. All this aims to support Nepal to secure more climate finance in line with its needs.

Strengthening Nepal’s policy environment

Through the PIF, we are supporting the Ministry of Forests and Environment (MoFE) to develop the institutional framework and policy reforms for tackling climate change in Nepal. In 2019, the Government of Nepal endorsed the National Climate Change Policy which aims to provide policy guidance towards developing a resilient society. Our work with the Government of Nepal to revise the National Framework on Local Adaptation Plans of Action, formulate the GESI Strategy and Action Plan on Climate Change (Nepali), and the Climate Resilient Planning and Budgeting Guidelines (Nepali) aims to localise climate actions and build climate resilience within the most vulnerable local communities, including women, children and people with disabilities. We also supported the second Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)

Work underway includes contributing to a Long Term Strategy (LTS) for Nepal’s ambition to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. We are also working with the Government to prepare an implementation plan for the NDC and a Loss and Damage Framework, which aims to provide a unique opportunity to devise country-driven, and inclusive approaches to tackle climate change risk and vulnerability.

Strengthening Evidence to underpin decision-making

We are supporting the Government of Nepal to generate robust evidence for international climate finance. We completed the Vulnerability and Risk Assessment and Identifying Adaptation Options with the MoFE and sectoral ministries. This work creates a strong baseline for climate change impacts, risks and vulnerabilities in Nepal along with identifying adaptation options. The report is contributing to the formulation of Nepal’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) which suggests that Nepal needs to access and mobilize USD 24 billion for adaptation & USD 25 billion for mitigation actions by 2030.

We are also extensively supporting Nepal’s Forest Research and Training Center (FRTC) on Ecosystem and Forest Type Mapping which will identify and classify ecosystems and update existing bioclimatic zones and biogeographic stratification. This mapping is crucial for identifying priority ecosystem and forest types for conservation.

Helping Nepal secure finance to address climate challenges

Nepal has an unprecedented opportunity to leverage traditional and non-traditional and low carbon financing. We supported the Government of Nepal to devise Nepal’s Climate Finance Strategic Roadmap (forthcoming) which aims to guide the Government in increased access to climate finance, build capacity at all levels of society to adapt to the impacts of climate change, and enhance coordination between the Government and other stakeholders, such as development partners and the private sector.

Communicating Climate Change and Strengthening Nepal’s position in COP26

We are bringing together editors of leading media, to discuss climate change and its impacts from socio-economic and political perspectives. Some of the stories we have shared include nature-based solutions, melting mountains (Nepali), water crisis (Nepali), electric mobility (newspaper report and TV report). We are also supporting weekly radio programmes discussing climate issues and Nepal’s preparation for COP26. Different videos for World Environment Day, World Wetlands Day, International Mountain Day are helping to communicate Nepal’s message on these crucial issues. Dialogues and discussions with development partners, thematic experts, community-based organisations, civil society, youth, private sector, and media have ensured a participatory and inclusive approach to Nepal’s preparation and positioning in COP26.