Globally, 189 countries have pledged nationally determined contributions (NDCs), signalling a major shift in climate governance.
Katherine Cooke Elizabeth Gogoi Luca Petrarulo ACT climate change OPM Australia
However, the challenge now is how to put these plans into action.
Early lessons on the challenges of NDC implementation are emerging. NDCs will not succeed without the right level of integration with national development policy and planning. Without clear financing plans, strong and enforceable requirements for measuring reporting and verification (MRV), and a high degree of political commitment, they will fail. Sound familiar? These are the same barriers that every previous climate change plan or target has faced.